|Epistatic QTLs (E-QTLs) and E-QTL x Environment (E-QE) effects detected for popping traits using multi-environment analysis|
|E-QTLia||Marker interval||LG (position)b||E-QTLja||Marker interval||LG (position)||AAc||h2(aa)d||E-QE AAEe||h2(aae)f|
|E-PDI3PP||IAC24 -BM187||3 (71.0-84.9)||E-PDI7PP||BM185 -BMc294||7 (24.2-36.6)||−2.98***||2.7||ns|
|E-EC3PP||BMc259 -IAC24||3 (67.8-71.0)||E-EC9PP||PV-at007 -BMc184||9 (60.9-70.2)||1.62*||0.2||ns|
|E-EC5PP||E32M60-100 -BM175||5 (40.6-46.1)||E-EC7PP||BM185 -BMc294||7 (71.0-84.9)||−7.59***||2.6||ns|
|E-PUS3PP||BMc259 -IAC24||3 (67.8-71.0)||E-PUS6PP||E40M60-91 -E45M50-50||6 (5.0-5.8)||−3.87***||1.1||−4.61* AAE4||0.9|
|E-PUS3PP||BMc259 -IAC24||3 (67.8-71.0)||E-PUS7PP||BMc294 -BMc248||7 (36.6-38.1)||5.47***||0.6||ns|
|E-PUS5PP||BM138 -E32M60-100||5 (39.8-40.6)||E-PUS6PP||E40M60-91 -E45M50-50||6 (5.0-5.8)||−3.62***||1.8||ns|
a E-QTLi and E-QTLj are the two QTLs involved in epistatic interaction.
b Linkage group and the estimated confidence interval of QTL position in brackets (in Kosambi cM).
c Estimated additive by additive epistatic effect. Positive values indicate that alleles from PHA1037 have a positive effect on the traits, and negative values indicate that positive effect on the traits is due to the presence of the alleles from PMB0225.
d Percentage of the phenotypic variation explained by additive by additive epistatic effects.
e Predicted additive by additive epistatic effect by environment interaction effect. AAE1, AAE2, AAE3, AAE4, and AAE5: epistasis associated with environments LD09, SD09, LD10, SD10, and LD11, respectively. The meaning of sign values is described in the third footnote (c).
f Percentage of the phenotypic variation explained by additive by additive epistatic effect by environment interaction effect.
*P ≤ 0.05, **P ≤ 0.01, ***P ≤ 0.001. Only significant effects are listed. ns = No significant effects on the five environmental conditions evaluated.
Yuste-Lisbona et al.
Yuste-Lisbona et al. BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:136 doi:10.1186/1471-2229-12-136