Detection of mitochondrial ROS generation. A) Upper panel. Representative pictures from cells exposed to increasing laser intensity, as indicated. CM-DCF fluorescence intensity (green) was selectively recorded in mitochondria (red). Lower panel. Cells were preincubated with Vitamin E (2 ng/100 μl) for 30 min before the laser excitation (white bars in panel B). Fluorescence emission intensity was calculated as average grey level value per pixel and corrected for background. Bars in panel B represent the means ± SEM of at least three different experiments and are from three separate cell preparations. *, p < 0.01 vs the corresponding control values.
Ferrari-Toninelli et al. BMC Pharmacology 2010 10:2 doi:10.1186/1471-2210-10-2