The phase resetting curves (PRCs) of neural oscillators can predict the phase locking within a network , but for bursting neurons the duration and shape of the burst may change as a result of the feedback within a network, thus it would be useful to understand how these changes impact the resetting. A previous study  characterized the responses of bursting neurons to inhibitory pulses as that of a relaxation oscillator whose limit cycle had a depolarized (bursting) and hyperpolarized (silent) branch. Inhibitions applied during the burst produced a switch to the hyperpolarized branch and prevented a switch back to the depolarized branch until the inhibition was turned off, whereas inhibitions during the silent phase had little effect. Here the response of bursting neurons to excitation is characterized.
First and second order PRCs for excitatory inputs of different strength and duration were constructed by using the dynamic clamp to inject an artificial synaptic conductance pulse into bursting pyloric pacemaker neurons in the stomatogastric ganglion of the crab and lobster. A model neuron  was used to gain insight into the phenomenology of phase resetting.
The observed PRCs were explained by assuming different trajectories in the phase space. Inputs that were relatively strong and long appeared to drive the neuron to a tonically spiking limit cycle. When the input was turned off, an essentially fixed period of time elapsed before the next burst, suggesting that a constant trajectory led from the tonic attractor to the original limit cycle. This produced bilinear PRCs that were successfully predicted using these assumptions (Fig 1). A weaker long pulse drove the trajectory to a faster, smaller amplitude bursting limit cycle. For a weaker and shorter pulse, early inputs produced a delay by prolonging the burst whereas later inputs produced an advance by shortening the interburst interval, resulting in a cubic PRC. Finally, strong, brief inputs during the interburst produced a transient shallow burst cycle rather than the instantaneous reset to the depolarized branch that was exhibited by the model. In summary, phase resetting of bursting neurons in response to excitation is more complex and less predictable than in response to inhibition.
Figure 1. Phase Resetting Curves for strong and long case. Predicted (f1, f2) and Observed (f1, f2) first (f1) and Second (f2) order Resetting. A) Biological Neuron B) Model Neuron.