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This article is part of the supplement: Sixteenth Annual Computational Neuroscience Meeting: CNS*2007

Open Access Poster presentation

Spike timing dependent plasticity promotes synchrony in inhibitory networks in presence of heterogeneity and noise

Sachin S Talathi12* and Julie Haas2

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32611, USA

2 Institute for Nonlinear Sciences, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA, 92093, USA

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BMC Neuroscience 2007, 8(Suppl 2):P58  doi:10.1186/1471-2202-8-S2-P58

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:


Published:6 July 2007

© 2007 Talathi and Haas; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Introduction

Recently a novel form of spike timing dependent plasticity (STDP) was observed in GABAergic synaptic couplings in layer II of the entorhinal cortex. Depending on the relative timing of pre-synaptic input at time tpre and postsynaptic excitation at time tpost the synapse is strengthened (Δt = tpost-tpre>0) or weakened (Δt < 0). Because the observed effect is the largest at ± 10 ms, the operational dynamic range of the observed STDP rule lies in the higher gamma frequency band (>40 Hz), a frequency range important for several vital neuronal tasks. In this work we study the influence of this novel STDP of inhibitory synapses on the synchronization of two mutually coupled interneurons (MCI) in the presence of heterogeneity and noise. We demonstrate analytically how this synchronization is brought about by defining the spike response curve (SRC), which measures the nonlinear response of neuron to pre-synaptic input. We present simulation results to demonstrate how the unique features of the STDP increase the robustness of synchronization even in the presence of heterogeneity and noise.

Results

See Figure 1.

thumbnailFigure 1. Example demonstrating the enhancement in synchronization of mutually coupled interneurons through spike timing dependent plasticity on inhibitory synapses. (a) Schematic diagram of reciprocally connected interneurons with self-inhibition. (b) The ratio of average firing period of the two neurons is plotted as function of heterogeneity in intrinsic firing frequency of each neuron. The ratio (diamond) represents a dynamic synapse, where STDP modulates the synaptic strength between the coupled neurons. The ratio in (star) represents the situation when the synaptic strength is static. (c) The synchronization index κ is plotted as function of heterogeneity H for the two cases discussed in (b).

Conclusion

STDP of inhibitory synapses promotes synchrony between two mutually coupled interneurons thereby making it more robust against intrinsic heterogeneity in firing frequency of the coupled neurons.