Table 1

Stimulus examples

    Correct canonical condition

Ichi wa no kamo ga

1 [bird] [gen.] duck [nom.]

ni hiki no nezumi o

2 [small-animal] [gen.] mouse [acc.]

tobikoeru tokoro desu.

jump over take place.

    Correct non-canonical condition

Ichi wa no hato o

1 [bird] [gen.] pigeon [acc.]

ni hiki no neko ga

2 [small-animal] [gen.] cat [nom.]

tobikoeru tokoro desu.

jump over take place.

    Double nominative case violation

Ichi wa no kamo ga

1 [bird] [gen.] duck [nom.]

ni hiki no

    nezumi ga

2 [small-animal] [gen.] mouse [nom.]

tobikoeru tokoro desu.

jump over take place.

    Double accusative case violation

Ichi wa no hato o

1 [bird] [gen.] pigeon [acc.]

ni hiki no

    neko o

2 [small-animal] [gen.] cat [acc.]

tobikoeru tokoro desu.

jump over take


Gen. = genitive, nom. = nominative, acc. = accusative; incorrect elements are underlined.

Mueller et al. BMC Neuroscience 2007 8:18   doi:10.1186/1471-2202-8-18

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