Figure 9.

Simulation of constant current injection into the B1 motoneuron in normal saline and with octopamine. A. A current pulse of 1.6 nA with

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Na at 7 μS, the normal values, depolarises the B1 motoneuron from its resting value of -52 mV and generates four action potentials during the 1 s of simulation. B. Comparison of the action potential generated by simulation with one recorded in a constant current experiment in normal saline (initial resting potential -48 mV, slightly depolarised compared to the mean B1 resting potential, -55 mV). C. The same current pulse as A, but with

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Na increased by 33% to simulate the effect of 10 μM octopamine and generates 7 action potentials. D. A plot of the firing rate of the simulated B1 motoneuron with different parameters reflecting octopamine action. The squares and dotted line represent the firing rate of the normal model. The triangles show the effect of increasing the maximum sodium conductance (

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Na) by 33% simulating 10 μM octopamine, reducing the threshold and increasing the firing rate. The crosses show the effect of modelling the increased maximum sodium conductance plus a 0.5 nA octopamine current to simulate the depolarising effect of a higher concentration of octopamine, 100–200 μM, [39]. A further increase in excitability is seen. Decreasing the maximum sodium conductance reduces the number of action potentials (diamonds). Compare these figures with the data shown in Fig. 1A.

Vehovszky et al. BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:70   doi:10.1186/1471-2202-6-70
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