VNS, ta-VNS, tan-VNS suppressed epileptiform activity by increasing the firing of the NTS. (a1) VNS, (a2) ta-VNS, (a3) tan-VNS. Stimulations are indicated by horizontal bars. (b) Comparison of the anticonvulsant durations among three groups. **: P < 0.01, vs. tan-VNS, n=31 per group.
He et al. BMC Neuroscience 2013 14:85 doi:10.1186/1471-2202-14-85