Etanercept or FPI treatment did not affect the number of co-localization of astrocytes and TNF-α specific marker cells in the ischemic cerebral cortical regions. Representative panel staining 72 h after sham operation or FPI, respectively for (A) a sham operation rat, (B) a FPI+saline rat (C) a FPI+etanercept rat. (D) The FPI+saline group (▤) or the FPI+etanercept group (▩) showed an insignificant change in the number of co-localization of astrocytes and TNF-α specific marker cells in the ischemic cortex 72 h after FPI compared with the sham operation group (■) (P>0.05). Each column and bar is the mean±SD of eight rats per group.
Chio et al. BMC Neuroscience 2013 14:33 doi:10.1186/1471-2202-14-33