Figure 1.

Working memory-related behavioral alterations (SAP rate (%)) caused by repeated nicotine (NC) and/or immobilization stress (IM) in the Y-maze test. The values at the 2 h time point after the last NC (0.3 or 0.8 mg/kg, s.c.) or IM treatment are shown as means ± S.D. (n=10 for each group). aa (p<0.01): significant attenuation as compared to the control group; bb (p<0.01): significant attenuation as compared to the NC group; cc (p<0.01): significant attenuation as compared to the IM group.

Hayase BMC Neuroscience 2013 14:20   doi:10.1186/1471-2202-14-20
Download authors' original image