Table 2

Item statistics: Mean (M) and Standard error of the mean (SE) of duration, pitch, intensity, valence ratings, dominance ratings and arousal ratings of deviant stimuli in the different emotional prosodies spoken by the two different voices
Emotional Prosody Duration (ms) Pitch (Hz) Intensity * (dB)
M SE M SE M SE
neutral 731 60 186 2.69 62.21 0.01
happy 490 42 363 14.57 62.36 0.01
threatening 721 96 297 10.14 62.30 0.03
fearful 426 44 312 14 62.51 0.06
Emotional Prosody Valence rating (1–7) Dominance rating (1–7) Arousal rating (1–7)
M SE M SE M SE
neutral 4.83 0.51 4.50 0.15 3.98 0.50
happy 5.17 0.09 4.43 0.17 5.06 0.43
threatening 1.74 0.15 6.51 0.10 5.53 0.10
fearful 2.60 0.14 1.97 0.12 4.56 0.18

*Intensity refers to the degree of energy which is present in a given sound wave. It is directly proportional to amplitude, or, more precisely, it is directly proportional to the squared amplitude (definition Praat, Help menu, http://www.fon.hum.uva.nl/praat/ webcite).

Gädeke et al.

Gädeke et al. BMC Neuroscience 2013 14:14   doi:10.1186/1471-2202-14-14

Open Data