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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

White versus gray matter: fMRI hemodynamic responses show similar characteristics, but differ in peak amplitude

Leanne M Fraser12, M Tynan Stevens13, Steven D Beyea1345 and Ryan C N D’Arcy1246*

Author affiliations

1 Institute for Biodiagnostics (Atlantic), National Research Council, Halifax, NS, B3H 3A7, Canada

2 Department of Psychology/Neuroscience, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada

3 Department of Physics and Atmospheric Sciences, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada

4 Department of Radiology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada

5 School of Biomedical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada

6 Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada

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Citation and License

BMC Neuroscience 2012, 13:91  doi:10.1186/1471-2202-13-91

Published: 1 August 2012

Abstract

Background

There is growing evidence for the idea of fMRI activation in white matter. In the current study, we compared hemodynamic response functions (HRF) in white matter and gray matter using 4 T fMRI. White matter fMRI activation was elicited in the isthmus of the corpus callosum at both the group and individual levels (using an established interhemispheric transfer task). Callosal HRFs were compared to HRFs from cingulate and parietal activation.

Results

Examination of the raw HRF revealed similar overall response characteristics. Finite impulse response modeling confirmed that the WM HRF characteristics were comparable to those of the GM HRF, but had significantly decreased peak response amplitudes.

Conclusions

Overall, the results matched a priori expectations of smaller HRF responses in white matter due to the relative drop in cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebral blood volume (CBV). Importantly, the findings demonstrate that despite lower CBF and CBV, white matter fMRI activation remained within detectable ranges at 4 T.

Keywords:
White matter; Functional connectivity; BOLD response; Hemodynamic response function; Event-related fMRI; Interhemispheric transfer