Procedure employed for the automatic spindle detection. A) Hypnogram representing one full-night recording (EEG time series), which was segmented into 2048 digital point-juxtaposed bins and subjected to matching pursuit signal decomposition. Atoms fulfilling study criteria (hereafter called spindles) filtered and collected in the procedure. B) Thirty minutes of N2 sleep fulfilling study criteria selected from initial, middle and final sleep study sections (10min each). C) Detail showing 16s of the original time series with the corresponding time-frequency representation in the Wigner plane. Each MP atom was represented as a hollow ellipse corresponding to its (time, frequency) HW and its relative amplitude (voltage) was indicated by color intensity. Only one atom in this figure (darkest ellipse marked with arrow) fulfilled all selection criteria and was considered as a valid sleep spindle. N2, NREM sleep stage 2; MP, Matching Pursuit; HW, half-width (see text).
Schönwald et al. BMC Neuroscience 2012 13:89 doi:10.1186/1471-2202-13-89