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This article is part of the supplement: Twentieth Annual Computational Neuroscience Meeting: CNS*2011

Open Access Poster presentation

The effects of conduction delay on temporal ordering in leaky integrate and fire neuronal networks

Tony L Smith1* and Michal Zochowski2

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Applied Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA

2 Department of Applied Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48105, USA

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BMC Neuroscience 2011, 12(Suppl 1):P382  doi:10.1186/1471-2202-12-S1-P382

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2202/12/S1/P382


Published:18 July 2011

© 2011 Smith and Zochowski; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Poster presentation

Neurons in the mammalian cortex have conduction latencies that can scale up an order of magnitude or more with myelination and axon radius. These latencies can be categorized into two groups: distance dependent latencies associated directly with axonic/dendritic length and distance independent latencies due to intrinsic delays on synapses themselves. This paper focuses on the distance dependence of conduction latency, attempting to elucidate its effects on the temporal ordering of the network activity patterns. We use various statistical measures to characterize the temporal patterning behavior of the networks: mean phase coherence, a pairwise measure of phase locking between neuron spike trains averaged over the network and synchronous bursting, which quantifies the coincidence of spikes as it deviates from a Poisson process.

We find that distance dependent delays and distance independent delays can lead to significantly different spatio-temporal patterning of network wide activity. The introduction of distance dependent delays into the network can drive temporal dynamics toward a more synchronous state. This synchronization enhancement can decrease as the topology of the network shifts towards a random graph and as the conduction speed moves out of an optimal range.