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This article is part of the supplement: Nineteenth Annual Computational Neuroscience Meeting: CNS*2010

Open Access Poster Presentation

Interrelation between binocular disparity and other feature maps of V1 using Kohonen’s SOFM algorithm

M Sultan M Siddiqui1*, Mohit Kumar Garg2 and Basabi Bhaumik1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, India

2 ADE DRDO Bangalore, Karnataka, India

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BMC Neuroscience 2010, 11(Suppl 1):P81  doi:10.1186/1471-2202-11-S1-P81

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2202/11/S1/P81


Published:20 July 2010

© 2010 Siddiqui et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Poster Presentation

Visual cortex possesses features such as binocular disparity (DP), ocular dominance (OD), orientation preference (OR), direction preference (DS), and spatial frequency. Neurophysiological studies have explored the existence of orthogonal relationship between local maps of DP and OD at visual cortex sites having vertical/near vertical OR [1]. No experimental studies relate DP map with: (i) OD map at sites other than vertical/near vertical OR, (ii) pinwheel singularities of OR map, and (iii) DS map. We have studied relationship of DP with other features maps such as OR, OD and DS, by jointly developing DP, OR, OD and DS feature maps using Kohonen’s self-organising feature map (SOFM) algorithm. Existing models using Kohenen’s algorithm implements feature maps of visual cortex as: (i) combined OR and OD [2], and (ii) combined OR and DS [3]. No model maps till date have attempted to model DP jointly with OR, OD and DS feature maps of visual cortex.

We use VMratio to measure interaction between DP and OD maps. VMratio is peak to baseline value of fitted von Mises function to histogram distribution of gradient direction differences between DP and OD maps. VMratio>3 indicates high interaction and VM-ratio < 2 indicates no interaction [1]. The gradient direction difference at which von Mises function peaks, defines the angle of crossing between DP and OD contours.

Indeed in our simulated maps, DP contour crosses OD contour orthogonally having a range from 45° to 135° with median near 90° (VMratio > 3), for vertical/near vertical OR portions/sites. DP contour crosses OD contour having a range from 0° to 45° with median near 22.5° (VMratio > 3), for horizontal/near horizontal OR portions/sites. DP map shows no relationship with: (i) pinwheel singularities of OR map (see Table 1) and (ii) DS map.

Table 1. Statistics of DP vs Pinwheel singularities.

Conclusions

Our jointly modelled DP, OR, OD, and DS maps captures experimentally observed relationship among them [1,4-6]. We believe that ours is the first model that yields combined DP, OR, OD, and DS maps.

References

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