Differential modulation of corticospinal excitability during haptic sensing of 2-D patterns vs. textures
1 School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5, Canada
2 School of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario K1H 8M5, Canada
3 Élisabeth Bruyère Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario K1N 5C8, Canada
BMC Neuroscience 2010, 11:149 doi:10.1186/1471-2202-11-149Published: 25 November 2010
Recently, we showed a selective enhancement in corticospinal excitability when participants actively discriminated raised 2-D symbols with the index finger. This extra-facilitation likely reflected activation in the premotor and dorsal prefrontal cortices modulating motor cortical activity during attention to haptic sensing. However, this parieto-frontal network appears to be finely modulated depending upon whether haptic sensing is directed towards material or geometric properties. To examine this issue, we contrasted changes in corticospinal excitability when young adults (n = 18) were engaged in either a roughness discrimination on two gratings with different spatial periods, or a 2-D pattern discrimination of the relative offset in the alignment of a row of small circles in the upward or downward direction.
A significant effect of task conditions was detected on motor evoked potential amplitudes, reflecting the observation that corticospinal facilitation was, on average, ~18% greater in the pattern discrimination than in the roughness discrimination.
This differential modulation of corticospinal excitability during haptic sensing of 2-D patterns vs. roughness is consistent with the existence of preferred activation of a visuo-haptic cortical dorsal stream network including frontal motor areas during spatial vs. intensive processing of surface properties in the haptic system.