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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Clock-controlled mir-142-3p can target its activator, Bmal1

Xiaochao Tan1, Peng Zhang2, Lan Zhou2, Bin Yin1, Hui Pan3* and Xiaozhong Peng1*

Author Affiliations

1 State Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Biology, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100005, China

2 Department of Physiology, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100005, China

3 Department of Endocrinology, Peking Union Medical Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100730, China

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BMC Molecular Biology 2012, 13:27  doi:10.1186/1471-2199-13-27

Published: 7 September 2012

Abstract

Background

microRNAs (miRNAs) are shown to be involved in the regulation of circadian clock. However, it remains largely unknown whether miRNAs can regulate the core clock genes (Clock and Bmal1).

Results

In this study, we found that mir-142-3p directly targeted the 3’UTR of human BMAL1 and mouse Bmal1. The over-expression (in 293ET and NIH3T3 cells) and knockdown (in U87MG cells) of mir-142-3p reduced and up-regulated the Bmal1/BMAL1 mRNA and protein levels, respectively. Moreover, the expression level of mir-142-3p oscillated in serum-shocked NIH3T3 cells and the results of ChIP and luciferase reporter assays suggested that the expression of mir-142-3p was directly controlled by CLOCK/BMAL1 heterodimers in NIH3T3 cells.

Conclusions

Our study demonstrates that mir-142-3p can directly target the 3’UTR of Bmal1. In addition, the expression of mir-142-3p is controlled by CLOCK/BMAL1 heterodimers, suggesting a potential negative feedback loop consisting of the miRNAs and the core clock genes. These findings open new perspective for studying the molecular mechanism of circadian clock.

Keywords:
mir-142-3p; Bmal1; Circadian clock