Open Access Methodology article

Innovative approach for transcriptomic analysis of obligate intracellular pathogen: selective capture of transcribed sequences of Ehrlichia ruminantium

Loïc Emboulé1*, France Daigle2, Damien F Meyer1, Bernard Mari3, Valérie Pinarello1, Christian Sheikboudou1, Virginie Magnone3, Roger Frutos4, Alain Viari5, Pascal Barbry3, Dominique Martinez4, Thierry Lefrançois1 and Nathalie Vachiéry1*

Author Affiliations

1 UMR 15 CIRAD-INRA «Contrôle des maladies animales exotiques et émergentes», Site de Duclos, Prise d'Eau 97170, Petit Bourg, Guadeloupe

2 Département de microbiologie et immunologie, Université de Montréal, C.P 6128 succursale Centre-ville, Montréal, QC H3C3J7, Canada

3 UMR6097, CNRS-Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, Institut de Pharmacologie Moléculaire et cellulaire, Sophia Antipolis, F06560, France

4 UMR 15 CIRAD-INRA «Contrôle des maladies animales exotiques et émergentes», TA 30/G Campus international de Baillarguet 34398 Montpellier Cedex 5, France

5 Inria Rhône-Alpes Projet HELIX, 655 Av. de l'Europe, 38330 Montbonnot-Saint Martin, France

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BMC Molecular Biology 2009, 10:111  doi:10.1186/1471-2199-10-111

Published: 24 December 2009

Abstract

Background

Whole genome transcriptomic analysis is a powerful approach to elucidate the molecular mechanisms controlling the pathogenesis of obligate intracellular bacteria. However, the major hurdle resides in the low quantity of prokaryotic mRNAs extracted from host cells. Our model Ehrlichia ruminantium (ER), the causative agent of heartwater, is transmitted by tick Amblyomma variegatum. This bacterium affects wild and domestic ruminants and is present in Sub-Saharan Africa and the Caribbean islands. Because of its strictly intracellular location, which constitutes a limitation for its extensive study, the molecular mechanisms involved in its pathogenicity are still poorly understood.

Results

We successfully adapted the SCOTS method (Selective Capture of Transcribed Sequences) on the model Rickettsiales ER to capture mRNAs. Southern Blots and RT-PCR revealed an enrichment of ER's cDNAs and a diminution of ribosomal contaminants after three rounds of capture. qRT-PCR and whole-genome ER microarrays hybridizations demonstrated that SCOTS method introduced only a limited bias on gene expression. Indeed, we confirmed the differential gene expression between poorly and highly expressed genes before and after SCOTS captures. The comparative gene expression obtained from ER microarrays data, on samples before and after SCOTS at 96 hpi was significantly correlated (R2 = 0.7). Moreover, SCOTS method is crucial for microarrays analysis of ER, especially for early time points post-infection. There was low detection of transcripts for untreated samples whereas 24% and 70.7% were revealed for SCOTS samples at 24 and 96 hpi respectively.

Conclusions

We conclude that this SCOTS method has a key importance for the transcriptomic analysis of ER and can be potentially used for other Rickettsiales. This study constitutes the first step for further gene expression analyses that will lead to a better understanding of both ER pathogenicity and the adaptation of obligate intracellular bacteria to their environment.