Figure 3.

Virulence characteristics of S. aureus JKD6159 and isogenic exotoxin mutants derived from JKD6159. JKD6159 compared to isogenic PVL knockout (JKD6159∆lukSF-PV), isogenic Hla knockout (JKD6159∆hla), isogenic Hla complemented strain (JKD6159∆hla r) and isogenic PSM-α knockout (JKD6159∆psmα) in a BALB/c mouse skin infection assay. (A) Weight loss induced by intradermal infection with S. aureus strains is demonstrated as percentage loss of weight over 5 days. There was no significant difference between JKD6159, JKD6159∆lukSF-PV and JKD6159∆psmα infected mice. There was significantly less weight loss in mice infected with JKD6159∆hla compared to JKD6159 (p < 0.0001). There was also less weight loss in mice infected with JKD6159∆hla compared to JKD6159∆hla r (p = 0.0063). Mice infected with JKD6159∆hla r had less weight loss compared to JKD6159 (p = 0.0004). Data shown are mean weight loss and SEM. (B) There was no difference in skin lesion area (mm2) at 5 days after infection in mice infected with JKD6159 and JKD6159∆lukSF-PV and JKD6159∆psmα. Mice infected with JKD6159∆hla had significantly smaller lesions (p < 0.0001). In some mice, there was no cutaneous lesion seen. There were significantly smaller lesions in mice infected with JKD6159∆hla compared to JKD6159∆hla r (p < 0.0001). Mice infected with JKD6159∆hla r had smaller lesions compared to JKD6159 (p = 0.024). Data shown are mean area and SEM. (C) Recovery of S. aureus (log CFU) from infected tissues at 5 days after infection from JKD6159 infected mice was no different to that from JKD6159∆lukSF-PV, JKD6159∆psmα and JKD6159∆hla r. There was significantly less S. aureus recovered from JKD6159∆hla infected mice (p = 0.0177). There was also significantly less S. aureus recovered from JKD6159∆hla infected mice compared to JKD6159∆hla r (p = 0.0018). Data shown are mean CFU and SEM. Note, ***p < 0.001, *p < 0.05, compared to JKD6159.

Chua et al. BMC Microbiology 2014 14:31   doi:10.1186/1471-2180-14-31
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