Additional file 1: Figure S1.

Selection of immunomodulatory lactobacilli. (A) BIE cells were pre-treated with different lactobacilli strains for 48 hours and the expression of MCP-1, IL-6 and IL-8 was studied. Values represent means and error bars indicate the standard deviations. The results represent five independent experiments. Significantly different from control *(P<0.05). (B) BIE cells were pre-treated with different lactobacilli strains for 48 hours and the stimulated with heat-stable ETEC PAMPs and then the expression of MCP-1, IL-6 and IL-8 was studied at hour twelve post-stimulation. Values represent means and error bars indicate the standard deviations. The results represent five independent experiments. Significantly different from ETEC control *(P<0.05).

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Takanashi et al. BMC Microbiology 2013 13:54   doi:10.1186/1471-2180-13-54