Table 2

Lactobacillus species isolated from 4-month- old infants
Lactobacillus species Exposure to probiotics
(% of isolated colonies per infant)1 (age in months)
Sample Feeding mode L. gasseri L. fermentum L. reuteri L. casei/ L. rhamnosus L. paracasei L. plantarum 1 2 3 4
1 Breastfed 100 + +
2 Breastfed 100 + +
3-10 Breastfed 100
11 Breastfed 3.5 84 12.5
12 Breastfed 3.8 96.2
13,14 Breastfed 100 + + +
15 Standard formula 50 50
16 Standard formula 100
17-19 MFGM formula# 100
20 MFGM formula# 100

1 One species was found in 17 infants (85%), two species in two infants (samples 12, 15), and three species in one infant (sample 11).

# Formula supplemented with a milk fat globule membrane fraction.

Romani Vestman et al.

Romani Vestman et al. BMC Microbiology 2013 13:193   doi:10.1186/1471-2180-13-193

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