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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Metaproteomic analysis of ratoon sugarcane rhizospheric soil

Wenxiong Lin12*, Linkun Wu12, Sheng Lin12, Aijia Zhang12, Mingming Zhou12, Rui Lin3, Haibin Wang12, Jun Chen12, Zhixing Zhang12 and Ruiyu Lin12

  • * Corresponding author: Wenxiong Lin lwx@fjau.edu.cn

  • † Equal contributors

Author Affiliations

1 Key Laboratory of Biopesticide and Chemical Biology, Ministry of Education, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, Fujian, P. R. China

2 Agroecological Institute, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, Fujian, P. R. China

3 College of Oceanography and Environmental Science, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, Fujian, P. R. China

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BMC Microbiology 2013, 13:135  doi:10.1186/1471-2180-13-135

Published: 17 June 2013

Abstract

Background

The current study was undertaken to elucidate the mechanism of yield decline in ratoon sugarcane using soil metaproteomics combined with community level physiological profiles (CLPP) analysis.

Results

The available stalk number, stalk diameter, single stalk weight and theoretical yield of ratoon cane (RS) were found to be significantly lower than those of plant cane (NS). The activities of several carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus processing enzymes, including invertase, peroxidase, urease and phosphomonoesterase were found to be significantly lower in RS soil than in NS soil. BIOLOG analysis indicated a significant decline in average well-color development (AWCD), Shannon’s diversity and evenness indices in RS soil as compared to NS soil. To profile the rhizospheric metaproteome, 109 soil protein spots with high resolution and repeatability were successfully identified. These proteins were found to be involved in carbohydrate/energy, amino acid, protein, nucleotide, auxin and secondary metabolisms, membrane transport, signal transduction and resistance, etc. Comparative metaproteomics analysis revealed that 38 proteins were differentially expressed in the RS soil as compared to the control soil or NS soil. Among these, most of the plant proteins related to carbohydrate and amino acid metabolism and stress response were up-regulated in RS soil. Furthermore, several microbial proteins related to membrane transport and signal transduction were up-regulated in RS soil. These proteins were speculated to function in root colonization by microbes.

Conclusions

Our experiments revealed that sugarcane ratooning practice induced significant changes in the soil enzyme activities, the catabolic diversity of microbial community, and the expression level of soil proteins. They influenced the biochemical processes in the rhizosphere ecosystem and mediated the interactions between plants and soil microbes.

Keywords:
CLPP; 2D-electrophoresis; Soil enzyme; Soil metaproteomics; Soil protein extraction; Sugarcane