Depletion of neutrophils in a protective model of pulmonary cryptococcosis results in increased IL-17A production by gamma/delta T cells
1 Department Biology, The University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78249-0062, USA
2 The South Texas Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, The University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA
3 Department of Pediatrics, Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
BMC Immunology 2012, 13:65 doi:10.1186/1471-2172-13-65Published: 7 December 2012
Protective responses in mice immunized with an interferon-gamma producing strain of Cryptococcus neoformans, H99γ, are associated with IL-17A production by neutrophils. Neutrophil depletion in H99γ-immunized mice did not affect pulmonary fungal burden, indicating that neutrophils are not required for clearance. However, we observed an increase in IL-17A in the lungs of neutrophil-depleted H99γ infected mice, which corresponded to an increase in IL-17A+ γδ+ T cells. Moreover, we observed increased IL-17A+/ CD3+ cells and IL-17A+/γδ+ cells, but decreased IL-17A+/Ly6G+ neutrophils in the lungs of IL-17 receptor (R)A deficient mice compared to wild-type mice. Increased production of IL-17A in neutropenic mice coincided with increased IL-6 and CXCL1, but not Th17 inducing cytokines TGF-β, IL-21 and IL-23. Concurrent depletion of neutrophils and γδ+ T cells reduced IL-17A levels. Our results suggest that γδ+ T cells mediate significant IL-17A production in neutropenic mice during the protective response to C. neoformans infection.