Table 2

Cytokine levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid
TPE group Control group P value
IFN-γ 17.36±17.26 1.43±1.95 0.0045*
TNF-α 18.92±15.04 4.24±4.29 0.004*
IL-1α 16.37±23.44 4.74±3.83 0.069
IL-1β 22.45±31.76 2.78±3.62 0.035
IL-2 6.26±19.79 0.74±1.68 0.195
IL-4 34.16±46.72 8.17±11.23 0.052
IL-6 5.78±18.27 0.94±2.08 0.207
IL-8 132.73±280.57 8.68±11.45 0.089
IL-10 17.63±29.55 22.24±25.79 0.357
VEGF 115.28±99.21 3.709±5.349 0.001*

TPE = tuberculous pleural effusion; values represent mean ± SD; data after standardization shown as picograms per millilitre of epithelial lining fluid (ELF) (pg/mL ELF; IFN-γ = interferon gamma; TNF-α = tumor necrosis factor-alpha; IL-1α = interleukin-1-alpha; IL-1β = interleukin 1-beta; IL-2 = interleukin-2; IL-4 = interleukin-4; IL-6 = interleukin-6; IL-8 = interleukin-8; IL-10 = interleukin-10; VEGF = vascular endothelial growth factor).

* Bonferroni correction p < 0.005.

Qama et al.

Qama et al. BMC Immunology 2012 13:45   doi:10.1186/1471-2172-13-45

Open Data