Table 2

The 41 mammalian species in study.

Common name

Acession number

Superorder (Order)

Species

Habitat

Food Habits

Geographic Range

Basal Metabolic Rate [53, 87] (ml of O2 per h); M (g)


Cape Golden Mole

NC_004920

Afrotheria (Chrysochloridae)

Chrysochloris asiatica

sandy soil

small invertebrates

South Africa

low; 44


cape rock hyrax

NC_004919

Afrotheria (Hyracoidea)

Procavia capensis

savanna or grassland; scrub forest.

herbivore

Syria south through NE Africa through most of sub-Saharan Africa. Isolated mountains in Libya and Algeria.

medium; 2400


African savana elephant

NC_000934

Afrotheria (Proboscidea)

Loxodonta africana

savannah/desert

herbivore

Sahara Desert to the south tip of Africa, from the Atlantic (western) coast of Africa to the Indian Ocean in the east

high; 3670000 (from Elephas maximus)


elephant shrew

NC_004921

Afrotheria (Macroscelidea)

Elephantulus sp. VB001

savannas, deserts, thornbush and tropical forests

inverterbrates

Africa

low; 51 (Elephantus AVE)


short-eared elephant shrew

NC_004026

Afrotheria (Macroscelidea)

Macroscelides proboscideus

desert and semi-desert areas

invertebrates and herbivorous diet

Namibia, southern Botswana, and South Africa

low; 39


Dugong

NC_003314

Afrotheria (Sirenia)

Dugong dugon

tropical marine coastal water

sea grasses

east Africa, northern coast of Australia, island groups of the South Pacific

UNK; 569000


small Madagascar hedgehog

NC_002631

Afrotheria (Tenrecidae)

Echinops telfairi

dry forests, scrub, cultivated areas, dry coastal regions and semidesert

invertebrates; also baby mice

Madagascar

medium; 116


Aardvark

NC_002078

Afrotheria (Tubulidentata)

Orycteropus afer

dry savanna to rain forest

omnivorous; termites

Africa

medium; 48000


Malayan flying lemur

NC_004031

Euarchontoglires (Dermoptera)

Cynocephalus variegatus

arboreal

herbivorous

Thailand and Indochina

UNK; 1375


Rabbit

NC_001913

Euarchontoglires (Lagomorpha)

Oryctolagus cuniculus

savanna or grassland; forest

herbivore

Europe

medium; 2000


American pika

NC_005358

Euarchontoglires (Lagomorpha)

Ochotona princeps

areas of broken rock and talus; taiga; mountains

herbivore

central British Columbia to south-central California and east to Colorado

medium; 109


domestic guinea pig

NC_000884

Euarchontoglires (Rodentia)

Cavia porcellus

grassy plains

herbivore

medium; 629


greater cane rat

NC_002658

Euarchontoglires (Rodentia)

Thryonomys swinderianus

along river banks and near marshes

herbivore

KwaZulu-Natal; Gauteng and the Northern Province; Mpumalanga

UNK; 8


house mouse

NC_005089

Euarchontoglires (Rodentia)

Mus musculus

temperate; forest

omnivore

originally distributed from the Mediterranean region to China; spread throughout the world

low; 21


Rat

NC_001665

Euarchontoglires (Rodentia)

Rattus norvegicus

temperate; tropical; desert; savanna or grassland; chaparral; forests; mountains

omnivore

native to northern China; can be found on every continent of the world except Antarctica

medium; 300


Eurasian red squirrel

NC_002369

Euarchontoglires (Rodentia)

Sciurus vulgaris

temperate; forest

herbivore

Europe and northern Asia

medium; 532 (Sciurus AVE)


Human

NC_001807

Euarchontoglires (Primates)

Homo sapiens

omnivore

high; 75


ring-tailed lemur

NC_004025

Euarchontoglires (Primates)

Lemur catta

tropical forests

herbivore

Madagascar

UNK


northern tree shrew

NC_002521

Euarchontoglires (Scandentia)

Tupaia belangeri

tropical forests

omnivore

southeast Asia

medium; 123 (from T. glis)


Dog

NC_002008

Laurasiatheria (Carnivora)

Canis familiaris

carnivore

medium; 8860 (Canis AVE)


Cat

NC_001700

Laurasiatheria (Carnivora)

Felis catus

carnivore

high; 13200 (Felidae AVE)


humpback whale

NC_006927

Laurasiatheria (Cetartiodactyla)

Megaptera novaeangliae

warm tropical waters to arctic waters

carnivores (crustaceans, plankton, and small fish)

North Pacific Ocean, North Atlantic Ocean, southern Hemisphere

UNK; 36000000


white-beaked dolphin

NC_005278

Laurasiatheria (Cetartiodactyla)

Lagenorhynchus albirostris

carnivore (fish, squid, octopus and small crustaceans)

Icelandic waters and in the North Sea.

UNK; 200


Hippopotamus

NC_000889

Laurasiatheria (Cetartiodactyla)

Hippopotamus amphibius

shallow water; can live in cold climates (but not frozen water)

herbivore

Africa

UNK; 235E+04


Cattle

NC_006853

Laurasiatheria (Cetartiodactyla)

Bos taurus

herbivore

high; 500


Pig

NC_000845

Laurasiatheria (Cetartiodactyla)

Sus scrofa

omnivore

high; 200


Alpaca

NC_002504

Laurasiatheria (Cetartiodactyla)

Lama pacos

altitude of 3500 to 5000 meters above sea-level

herbivore

Andes

UNK; 170


Ryukyu flying fox

NC_002612

Laurasiatheria (Chiroptera)

Pteropus dasymallus

fruit

medium; 492 (Pteropus AVE)


Egyptian rousette

NC_007393

Laurasiatheria (Chiroptera)

Rousettus aegyptiacus

humid dark roosts

very ripe fruit

Africa, Egypt to Turkey, Cyprus, Arabian peninsula east to Pakistan

medium; 146


Jamaican fruit-eating bat

NC_002009

Laurasiatheria (Chiroptera)

Artibeus jamaicensis

neotropical; forests

herbivore; also insects

central Mexico to Bolivia and central Brazil through the Greater and Lesser Antilles

low; 45


New Zealand long-tailed bat

NC_002626

Laurasiatheria (Chiroptera)

Chalinolobus tuberculatus

insectivore

New Zealand

Low; 18 (from C. gouldii)


western European hedgehog

NC_002080

Laurasiatheria (Eulipotyphla)

Erinaceus europaeus

savanna or grassland; forest

omnivore

region, except the Himalayas and North Africa

medium; 750


long-clawed Shrew

NC_005435

Laurasiatheria (Eulipotyphla)

Sorex unguiculatus

wet grasslands to montane forests

seeds, insects, nuts, worms

along the Pacific coastline of Siberia

low; 13


European mole

NC_002391

Laurasiatheria (Eulipotyphla)

Talpa europaea

savanna or grassland; forest

invertebrates

throughout temperate Europe to east in Russia

medium; 100


Horse

NC_001640

Laurasiatheria (Perissodactyla)

Equus caballus

herbivore

high; 500


white rhinoceros

NC_001808

Laurasiatheria (Perissodactyla)

Ceratotherium simum

savanna or grassland; chaparral ; forest

herbivore

Africa

UNK; 2700


Brazilian tapir

NC_005130

Laurasiatheria (Perissodactyla)

Tapirus terrestris

forests

bulk of their diet is herbivorous; aquatic organisms

South America

UNK; 2000000


long-tailed pangolin

NC_004027

Laurasiatheria (Pholidota)

Manis tetradactyla

rainforest

invertebrates

Uganda to Senegal and Angola

medium; 1430


nine-banded armadillo

NC_001821

Laurasiatheria (Xenarthra)

Dasypus novemcinctus

savanna or grassland; forest

invertebrates; occasionally birds, small mammals, fruits

Peru and northern Argentina to the south-central and southeastern United States. It is also found on the islands of Grenada, Trinidad and Tobago

medium; 3510


southern two-toed sloth

NC_006924

Laurasiatheria (Xenarthra)

Choloepus didactylus

rainforest

herbivore

Central America and northern South America

medium; 3770 (from C. hoffmanni)


southern tamandua

NC_004032

Laurasiatheria (Xenarthra)

Tamandua tetradactyla

savanna or grassland; forests; at elevations to 2000 m

invertebrates

South America

medium; 3500


AVE

average


UNK

missing data


da Fonseca et al. BMC Genomics 2008 9:119   doi:10.1186/1471-2164-9-119

Open Data