Open Access Research article

Gene identification and analysis of transcripts differentially regulated in fracture healing by EST sequencing in the domestic sheep

Jochen Hecht12, Heiner Kuhl1, Stefan A Haas1, Sebastian Bauer13, Albert J Poustka4, Jasmin Lienau5, Hanna Schell5, Asita C Stiege1, Volkhard Seitz1, Richard Reinhardt1, Georg N Duda5, Stefan Mundlos13 and Peter N Robinson3*

Author Affiliations

1 Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Berlin, Germany

2 Freie Universität Berlin, Fachbereich Biologie, Chemie, Pharmazie, Berlin, Germany

3 Institute for Medical Genetics, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin, Germany

4 Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Evolution and Development Group, Berlin, Germany

5 Center for Musculoskeletal Surgery, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin, Germany

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BMC Genomics 2006, 7:172  doi:10.1186/1471-2164-7-172

Published: 5 July 2006



The sheep is an important model animal for testing novel fracture treatments and other medical applications. Despite these medical uses and the well known economic and cultural importance of the sheep, relatively little research has been performed into sheep genetics, and DNA sequences are available for only a small number of sheep genes.


In this work we have sequenced over 47 thousand expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from libraries developed from healing bone in a sheep model of fracture healing. These ESTs were clustered with the previously available 10 thousand sheep ESTs to a total of 19087 contigs with an average length of 603 nucleotides. We used the newly identified sequences to develop RT-PCR assays for 78 sheep genes and measured differential expression during the course of fracture healing between days 7 and 42 postfracture. All genes showed significant shifts at one or more time points. 23 of the genes were differentially expressed between postfracture days 7 and 10, which could reflect an important role for these genes for the initiation of osteogenesis.


The sequences we have identified in this work are a valuable resource for future studies on musculoskeletal healing and regeneration using sheep and represent an important head-start for genomic sequencing projects for Ovis aries, with partial or complete sequences being made available for over 5,800 previously unsequenced sheep genes.