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Open Access Research article

Inspecting the potential physiological and biomedical value of 44 conserved uncharacterised proteins of Streptococcus pneumoniae

Antonio J Martín-Galiano1*, José Yuste1, María I Cercenado1 and Adela G de la Campa12

Author Affiliations

1 Centro Nacional de Microbiología and CIBERES (CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain

2 Presidencia, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Madrid, Spain

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BMC Genomics 2014, 15:652  doi:10.1186/1471-2164-15-652

Published: 5 August 2014

Abstract

Background

The major Gram-positive coccoid pathogens cause similar invasive diseases and show high rates of antimicrobial resistance. Uncharacterised proteins shared by these organisms may be involved in virulence or be targets for antimicrobial therapy.

Results

Forty four uncharacterised proteins from Streptococcus pneumoniae with homologues in Enterococcus faecalis and/or Staphylococcus aureus were selected for analysis. These proteins showed differences in terms of sequence conservation and number of interacting partners. Twenty eight of these proteins were monodomain proteins and 16 were modular, involving domain combinations and, in many cases, predicted unstructured regions. The genes coding for four of these 44 proteins were essential. Genomic and structural studies showed one of the four essential genes to code for a promising antibacterial target. The strongest impact of gene removal was on monodomain proteins showing high sequence conservation and/or interactions with many other proteins. Eleven out of 40 knockouts (one for each gene) showed growth delay and 10 knockouts presented a chaining phenotype. Five of these chaining mutants showed a lack of putative DNA-binding proteins. This suggest this phenotype results from a loss of overall transcription regulation. Five knockouts showed defective autolysis in response to penicillin and vancomycin, and attenuated virulence in an animal model of sepsis.

Conclusions

Uncharacterised proteins make up a reservoir of polypeptides of different physiological importance and biomedical potential. A promising antibacterial target was identified. Five of the 44 examined proteins seemed to be virulence factors.

Keywords:
Antibiotic target; Bacterial pathogenesis; Hypothetical protein; Post-genomics; Protein function; Protein space; Proteomics; Virulence factors