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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Genome-wide identification and expression analysis of calcium-dependent protein kinase in maize

Xiangpei Kong, Wei Lv, Shanshan Jiang, Dan Zhang, Guohua Cai, Jiaowen Pan and Dequan Li*

Author Affiliations

State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Shandong Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, College of Life Sciences, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai’an, Shandong, 271018, China

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BMC Genomics 2013, 14:433  doi:10.1186/1471-2164-14-433

Published: 1 July 2013



Calcium-dependent protein kinases (CDPKs) have been shown to play important roles in various physiological processes, including plant growth and development, abiotic and biotic stress responses and plant hormone signaling in plants.


In this study, we performed a bioinformatics analysis of the entire maize genome and identified 40 CDPK genes. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that 40 ZmCPKs can be divided into four groups. Most maize CDPK genes exhibited different expression levels in different tissues and developmental stages. Twelve CDPK genes were selected to respond to various stimuli, including salt, drought and cold, as well as ABA and H2O2. Expression analyses suggested that maize CDPK genes are important components of maize development and multiple transduction pathways.


Here, we present a genome-wide analysis of the CDPK gene family in maize for the first time, and this genomic analysis of maize CDPK genes provides the first step towards a functional study of this gene family in maize.

CDPK; Expression Analysis; Gene Family; Maize