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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

MicroRNAs miR-26a, miR-26b, and miR-29b accelerate osteogenic differentiation of unrestricted somatic stem cells from human cord blood

Hans-Ingo Trompeter1*, Janine Dreesen1, Eugenie Hermann1, Katharina M Iwaniuk1, Markus Hafner2, Neil Renwick2, Thomas Tuschl2 and Peter Wernet1

Author affiliations

1 University Düsseldorf, Medical Faculty, Institute for Transplantation Diagnostics and Cell Therapeutics (ITZ), Düsseldorf, D-40225, Germany

2 Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Laboratory of RNA Molecular Biology, Rockefeller University, New York, NY, 10065, USA

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Citation and License

BMC Genomics 2013, 14:111  doi:10.1186/1471-2164-14-111

Published: 19 February 2013

Abstract

Background

MicroRNAs are a population of short non-coding RNAs with widespread negative regulatory impact on mRNA translation. Unrestricted somatic stem cells (USSC) are a rare population in human cord blood that can be induced into cells representative of all three germinal layers. Here we analyzed the functional impact of miRNAs on the osteogenic differentiation in USSC.

Results

Gene expression profiling identified 20 microRNAs that were consistently upregulated during osteogenic differentiation of two different USSC cell lines (SA5/73 and SA8/25). Bioinformatic target gene prediction indicated that among these microRNAs, miR-10a, -22, -26a, -26b, and -29b recognize transcripts that encode a set of proteins inhibiting osteogenesis. We subsequently verified osteo-inhibitory CDK6, CTNNBIP1, HDAC4, and TOB1 and osteo-promoting SMAD1 as targets of these microRNAs. In Western blot analyses demonstrated that endogenous levels of CDK6 and HDAC4 were downregulated during osteogenic differentiation of USSC and reduced following ectopic expression of miR-26a/b and miR-29b. In contrast, endogenous expression of SMAD1, targeted by miR-26a/b, was unaltered during osteogenic differentiation of USSC or following ectopic expression of miR-26a/b. Functional overexpression analyses using microRNA mimics revealed that miR-26a/b, as well as miR-29b strongly accelerated osteogenic differentiation of USSC as assessed by Alizarin-Red staining and calcium-release assays.

Conclusions

miR-26a/b and miR-29b are upregulated during osteogenic differentiation of USSC and share target genes inhibiting osteogenesis. Furthermore, these microRNAs accelerate osteogenic differentiation, likely mediated by osteo-inhibitory proteins such as CDK6 and HDAC4.

Keywords:
Cord blood stem cells; Osteogenic differentiation; MicroRNA expression; MicroRNA function; MicroRNA target identification