Table 4

Expression levels of grapevine genes known to be modulated during Trichoderma spp.-induced resistance and in response to Plasmopara viticola inoculation
Gene name Gene codea Expression level(FPKM)b Referencesc
C T39 C+P.v. T39+P.v.
Chitinase 1a (Chit1a) glimmer.VV78X092424.7_2 13.1 15.1 96.6 66.3 Induced by P. viticola[50]
Chitinase 1b (Chit1b) glimmer.VV78X202842.8_3 78.4 213.1 167.2 340.5 Not induced by P. viticola[50]
Pathogenesis-related protein 1 (PR-1) fgenesh.VV78X169899.6_1 262.7 379.7 770.3 361.9 Modulated during T39-induced resistance in grapevine [42]
Pathogenesis-related protein 2 (PR-2) twinscan.VV78X005385.7_1 214.4 689.8 604.7 1295.0 Modulated during T39-induced resistance in grapevine [42]
Pathogenesis-related protein 4 (PR-4) glimmer.VV78X053121.6_1 11.1 99.3 141.3 279.7 Modulated during T39-induced resistance in grapevine [42]
Pathogenesis-related protein 5 (PR-5) glimmer.VV79X000230.2_4 65.2 43.2 20.3 11.7 Modulated during T39-induced resistance in grapevine [42]
Pathogenesis-related protein 10 (PR-10) sim4.VV78X227342.7_2 1.9 33.9 14.5 34.8 Modulated during T39-induced resistance in grapevine [42]
Lipoxygenase 9 (LOX-9) twinscan.VV78X044916.31_1 4.3 6.4 5.0 10.5 Modulated during T39-induced resistance in grapevine [42]
Osmotin 1 (OSM1) glimmer.VV78X132476.3_2 43.6 194.6 268.4 522.1 Induced by T. hamatum 382 in tomato [29] and induced by P. viticola[4,6]
Osmotin 2 (OSM2) fgenesh.VV78X075443.24_1 29.7 158.2 29.3 108.6 Induced by T. hamatum 382 in tomato [29]
Aminocyclopropane carboxylate oxidase (ACO) fgenesh.VV78X260154.9_1 14.8 40.6 22.1 36.0 Induced by T. koningiopsis Th003 in tomato [54]
Aminocyclopropane carboxylate oxidase (ACO) twinscan.VV78X152558.9_1 23.0 46.6 32.0 50.7 Induced by T. koningiopsis Th003 in tomato [54]
Trichoderma-induced protein kinase (TIPK) fgenesh.VV78X024841.39_2 60.6 226.8 360.3 374.0 Induced by T. asperelloides T203 in cucumber [53]
MYB transcription factor 72 (MYB72) fgenesh.VV78X183580.6_2 1.0 2.2 1.9 3.3 Involved in Trichoderma-induced resistance [26]
Glucanase (GLU) glimmer.VV78X010792.29_19 4.1 7.5 29.5 17.0 Induced by P. viticola[5]
Invertase (INV1) fgenesh.VV78X109126.4_1 19.9 22.8 45.1 76.7 Induced by P. viticola[4,9]
Invertase (INV2) glimmer.VV78X234553.4_1 6.5 5.9 10.2 19.2 Induced by P. viticola[4,9]
Glutathione S-transferase (GST) glimmer.VV78X070708.13_2 13.5 17.8 21.7 29.9 Induced by P. viticola[17]
Catalase (CAT) glimmer.VV78X186369.3_2 942.8 1519.4 2840.2 2961.4 Induced by P. viticola[52]
Enzymatic resistance protein (ERP) glimmer.VV78X101483.19_2 1078.4 909.1 435.8 446.9 Repressed by P. viticola[5]
Carbonic anhydrase (CA) fgenesh.VV78X143789.26_4 1382.8 435.6 817.8 550.8 Repressed by P. viticola[5]
Chlorophyll a-b binding protein (CAB) fgenesh.VV78X207753.10_1 2220.1 1054.3 757.7 422.7 Repressed by P. viticola[4]
Dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (DFR) glimmer.VV78X173356.4_4 101.1 56.1 27.7 29.4 Repressed by P. viticola[11]
Chalcone synthase (CHS) glimmer.VV78X073177.9_2 55.8 17.3 6.0 9.5 Repressed by P. viticola[7]
Chalcone synthase (CHS) glimmer.VV78X195981.16_1 54.0 16.2 5.6 5.1 Repressed by P. viticola[7]
Chalcone synthase (CHS3) fgenesh.VV78X165120.3_1 78.3 32.1 18.2 26.8 Repressed by P. viticola[7]
Zeaxanthin epoxidase (ZEP) glimmer.VV78X164562.12_3 221.0 152.3 64.3 51.3 Repressed by P. viticola[9]
B-amylase (AMY) fgenesh.VV78X223906.2_1 3.7 3.2 1.4 1.2 Repressed by P. viticola[10]
B-amylase (AMY) glimmer.VV78X087147.9_2 57.8 52.7 11.8 12.0 Repressed by P. viticola[10]
sucrose phosphate synthase (SPS) fgenesh.VV78X130197.5_1 111.8 78.1 32.2 28.8 Repressed by P. viticola[10]
Phosphoglucan, water dikinase (PWD) fgenesh.VV78X092604.4_1 23.4 17.0 12.1 10.3 Repressed by P. viticola[10]
Glucose-1-phosphate adenylyltransferase (GPAT) sim4.VV78X153373.11_4 103.6 65.5 39.2 29.3 Repressed by P. viticola[10]
Threalase fgenesh.VV78X152339.9_5 1.0 1.3 2.7 2.8 Induced by P. viticola[10]
α,α-trehalose-phosphate synthase (TPS) glimmer.VV78X200879.5_4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 Repressed by P. viticola[10]
Phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) glimmer.VV78X178553.4_4 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.3 Induced by P. viticola[17,50,94]
Stilbene synthase (STS) glimmer.VV78X271796.76_5 0.8 3.0 5.1 7.5 Induced by P. viticola[11,50,94]
Stilbene synthase (STS) glimmer.VV78X271796.76_1 0.3 2.2 3.3 4.4 Induced by P. viticola[11,50,94]
Stilbene synthase (STS) glimmer.VV78X257305.4_1 0.5 0.9 2.0 2.8 Induced by P. viticola[11,50,94]
Stilbene synthase (STS) glimmer.VV78X121741.14_1 0.1 0.7 1.4 2.2 Induced by P. viticola[11,50,94]
Amine oxidase (AO) twinscan.VV78X119502.7_1 43.8 63.6 167.5 203.0 Induced by P. viticola[8]
Serine/threonine kinase receptor (STKR) fgenesh.VV78X255341.2_1 112.8 246.8 76.5 268.1 Induced by P. viticola[8]
Tropinone reductase (TR) fgenesh.VV78X249214.9_1 0.6 1.0 12.8 4.1 Induced by P. viticola[6]
Galactinol synthase (GhGolS) glimmer.VV78X016811.4_2 0.1 0.0 0.6 0.3 Induced by P. viticola[6]
Wound-induced protein (WIN2) glimmer.VV78X081378.10_1 7.1 5.2 22.1 6.9 Induced by P. viticola[6]
β-glucosidase (BG) fgenesh.VV78X148924.9_1 0.1 0.2 2.0 0.7 Induced by P. viticola[6]
TMV response-related protein (TMVR) fgenesh.VV78X106668.41_2 13.5 7.1 8.6 6.7 Induced by P. viticola[6]
Polygalacturonase-inhibiting protein (PGIP)d glimmer.VV78X089275.7_1 - - - - Induced by P. viticola[6]
WRKY transcription factor 21 (WRKY21) fgenesh.VV78X121610.8_2 32.4 19.9 6.5 6.9 Induced by P. viticola[6]
Ethylene-regulated transcript 2 (ERT2)d glimmer.VV78X175653.7_2 - - - - Induced by P. viticola[6]
Rapidly elicited Avr9/Cf-9 proteins (Avr/Cf9) fgenesh.VV78X009646.12_6 71.5 70.8 17.9 21.7 Modulated by P. viticola[5]
Rapidly elicited Avr9/Cf-9 proteins (Avr/Cf9) fgenesh.VV78X263622.19_2 236.7 117.8 27.1 22.3 Induced by P. viticola[4]
Harpin-induced protein 1 (Hin1) glimmer.VV78X225495.6_2 53.7 63.2 12.1 16.0 Induced by P. viticola[4]
Hypersensitivity-related 203 J (Hsr203j) fgenesh.VV78X137613.4_1 52.3 45.0 7.7 9.1 Induced by P. viticola[4,12]

a Grapevine genes of the Pinot Noir grapevine genome [77] Release 3 [78].

b Gene expression levels calculated as fragments per kilobase of transcript per million fragments mapped (FPKM) in control (C), Trichoderma harzianum T39-treated (T39), Plasmopara viticola-inoculated control (C+P.v.), and P. viticola-inoculated T39-treated (T39+P.v.) plants.

c References of previous analyses.

d Genes not included in the set of differentially expressed genes.

Perazzolli et al.

Perazzolli et al. BMC Genomics 2012 13:660   doi:10.1186/1471-2164-13-660

Open Data