Additional file 5.

Analysis with RT-PCR of selected immune and lifespan genes affected by pollen feeding or varroa parasitism. Expression values of selected lifespan (Sod, Sod2, Trxr-1) and immune genes (PGRP-LC, defensin1, Imd) differentially transcribed between the different treatments. RT-PCR data normalized to β-actin are shown. Means ± SE are shown for 8 pools of 3 bees per treatment. Different letters indicate significant differences detected by Mann-Whitney U tests.

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Alaux et al. BMC Genomics 2011 12:496   doi:10.1186/1471-2164-12-496