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Open Access Methodology article

A new implementation of high-throughput five-dimensional clone pooling strategy for BAC library screening

Frank M You12, Ming-Cheng Luo1, Kenong Xu1, Karin R Deal1, Olin D Anderson2 and Jan Dvorak1*

Author affiliations

1 Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA, 95516, USA

2 Genomics and Gene Discovery Research Unit, USDA-ARS, Western Regional Research Center, Albany, CA, 94710, USA

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Citation and License

BMC Genomics 2010, 11:692  doi:10.1186/1471-2164-11-692

Published: 6 December 2010

Abstract

Background

A five-dimensional (5-D) clone pooling strategy for screening of bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clones with molecular markers utilizing highly-parallel Illumina GoldenGate assays and PCR facilitates high-throughput BAC clone and BAC contig anchoring on a genetic map. However, this strategy occasionally needs manual PCR to deconvolute pools and identify truly positive clones.

Results

A new implementation is reported here for our previously reported clone pooling strategy. Row and column pools of BAC clones are divided into sub-pools with 1~2× genome coverage. All BAC pools are screened with Illumina's GoldenGate assay and the BAC pools are deconvoluted to identify individual positive clones. Putative positive BAC clones are then further analyzed to find positive clones on the basis of them being neighbours in a contig. An exhaustive search or brute force algorithm was designed for this deconvolution and integrated into a newly developed software tool, FPCBrowser, for analyzing clone pooling data. This algorithm was used with empirical data for 55 Illumina GoldenGate SNP assays detecting SNP markers mapped on Aegilops tauschii chromosome 2D and Ae. tauschii contig maps. Clones in single contigs were successfully assigned to 48 (87%) specific SNP markers on the map with 91% precision.

Conclusion

A new implementation of 5-D BAC clone pooling strategy employing both GoldenGate assay screening and assembled BAC contigs is shown here to be a high-throughput, low cost, rapid, and feasible approach to screening BAC libraries and anchoring BAC clones and contigs on genetic maps. The software FPCBrowser with the integrated clone deconvolution algorithm has been developed and is downloadable at http://avena.pw.usda.gov/wheatD/fpcbrowser.shtml webcite.