Hymenoptaecin-like peptides. A. Multiple sequence alignment. Red arrows label the position of phase 0 introns. A red "^" indicates a site in droyataecin that is corrected from TAG to GAG codon. Proline residues in amino-termini of nahymenoptaecins are bolded and shown in brown. Putative proprotein cleavage sites are boxed in black; B. Phylogenetic tree constructed with the NJ method of MEGA 4.0. Solid circle represents gene duplication; C. Comparison of pronavicin with known Pro-rich AMPs. Sequence identity with pronavicin and proline contents are shown here. Dse: D. sechellia, Dsi: D. simulans, Dpe: D. persimilis, Dps: D. pseudoobscura, Dvi: D. virilis, Dya: D. yakuba, Der: D. erecta, Dan: D. ananassae, Dgr: D. grimshawi, Dwi: D. willistoni, Mg: Myrmecia gulosa, Pa: Pyrrhocoris apterus, Bp: Bombus pascuorum.
Tian et al. BMC Genomics 2010 11:187 doi:10.1186/1471-2164-11-187