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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

A genomic glimpse of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases in malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum

Tarun Kumar Bhatt1, Charu Kapil12, Sameena Khan13, Mohamad Aman Jairajpuri2, Vinay Sharma3, Daniele Santoni45, Francesco Silvestrini5, Elisabetta Pizzi5 and Amit Sharma1*

Author Affiliations

1 Structural and Computational Biology Group, International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, New Delhi 110 067, India

2 Department of Biosciences, Jamia Millia Islamia University, Jamia Nagar, New-Delhi 110 025, India

3 Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Banasthali Vidyapith University, Banasthali, Rajasthan 304 022, India

4 Barcelona Institute for Research in Biomedicine, Barcelona Science Park, C/Samitier 1-5, Barcelona 08015, Catalonia, Spain

5 Dipartimento di Malattie Infettive, Parassitarie ed Immunomediate, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Viale Regina Elena, 299, 00161 Rome, Italy

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BMC Genomics 2009, 10:644  doi:10.1186/1471-2164-10-644

Published: 31 December 2009

Abstract

Background

Plasmodium parasites are causative agents of malaria which affects >500 million people and claims ~2 million lives annually. The completion of Plasmodium genome sequencing and availability of PlasmoDB database has provided a platform for systematic study of parasite genome. Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (aaRSs) are pivotal enzymes for protein translation and other vital cellular processes. We report an extensive analysis of the Plasmodium falciparum genome to identify and classify aaRSs in this organism.

Results

Using various computational and bioinformatics tools, we have identified 37 aaRSs in P. falciparum. Our key observations are: (i) fraction of proteome dedicated to aaRSs in P. falciparum is very high compared to many other organisms; (ii) 23 out of 37 Pf-aaRS sequences contain signal peptides possibly directing them to different cellular organelles; (iii) expression profiles of Pf-aaRSs vary considerably at various life cycle stages of the parasite; (iv) several PfaaRSs posses very unusual domain architectures; (v) phylogenetic analyses reveal evolutionary relatedness of several parasite aaRSs to bacterial and plants aaRSs; (vi) three dimensional structural modelling has provided insights which could be exploited in inhibitor discovery against parasite aaRSs.

Conclusion

We have identified 37 Pf-aaRSs based on our bioinformatics analysis. Our data reveal several unique attributes in this protein family. We have annotated all 37 Pf-aaRSs based on predicted localization, phylogenetics, domain architectures and their overall protein expression profiles. The sets of distinct features elaborated in this work will provide a platform for experimental dissection of this family of enzymes, possibly for the discovery of novel drugs against malaria.