LAPTM4B polymorphism increases susceptibility to multiple cancers in Chinese populations: a meta-analysis
Department of Clinical Laboratory, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi 530021, China
BMC Genetics 2014, 15:48 doi:10.1186/1471-2156-15-48Published: 18 April 2014
Lysosome-associated protein transmembrane-4 beta (LAPTM4B) is a novel cancer-related gene. While recent studies have reported that the LAPTM4B polymorphism increased the susceptibility of several cancers, the results remain inconclusive. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to systematically summarize the possible association.
The meta-analysis was conducted based on 17 studies in Chinese populations, including 4160 cases and 4148 controls. The relevant studies were searched through electronic databases updated in November 2013. The strength of association between the LAPTM4B polymorphism and susceptibility to multiple cancers was assessed by odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI).
The meta-analysis results suggested that the LAPTM4B polymorphism was significantly associated with overall susceptibility to multiple cancers in all genetic models (*2 vs. *1, OR = 1.53, 95% CI = 1.37–1.70; *2/2 vs. *1/1, OR = 2.18, 95% CI = 1.72–2.75; *2/1 vs.*1/1, OR = 1.62, 95% CI = 1.41–1.86; *2/1 + *2/2 vs. *1/1, OR = 1.70, 95% CI = 1.47–1.97; *2/2 vs. *2/1 + *1/1, OR = 1.76, 95% CI = 1.50–2.05). Further subgroup analysis revealed a significant association between the LAPTM4B polymorphism and cancer susceptibility in the subgroups stratified by control source, cancer type, histopathologic differentiation, and TNM stage.
This meta-analysis indicated that the LAPTM4B *2 allele was associated with increasing risk of multiple cancers, tumor initiation and development.