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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Frequency of eNOS polymorphisms in the Colombian general population

Norma C Serrano1*, Luis A Díaz1, Juan P Casas23, Aroon D Hingorani34, Daniel Moreno-De-Luca1 and María C Páez1

Author Affiliations

1 Biomedical Research Centre, Health Sciences Faculty, Universidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga, Bucaramanga, Postal 1642, Colombia

2 Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, WC1E 6BT, UK

3 Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), London, WC1E 7HT, UK

4 Centre for Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Medicine, University College London, London, WC1E 6BT, UK

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BMC Genetics 2010, 11:54  doi:10.1186/1471-2156-11-54

Published: 20 June 2010

Abstract

Background

Nitric oxide (NO) synthesized by endothelial cells is known to be a potent vasodilator. It has been suggested that polymorphisms in endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) can affect the response of the vascular endothelium to increased oxidative stress. The objective of the present study was to determine the presence of G894T (rs1799983), intron-4 (27-bp TR) and -T786C (rs2070744) polymorphisms in the eNOS gene among the Colombian general population.

Results

Genotype and allele frequencies showed significant differences in their distribution. White, black and mixed populations were in HW equilibrium for the variants in 27-bp TR- and rs1799983, but the black population was in HW disequilibrium for rs2070744 (p < 0.001). Allele "T" of rs1799983 polymorphisms was more common in the white population (26,5%) than the others, while allele "C" of rs2070744 polymorphisms had a similar frequency in all populations, and the allele 4a from 27-bp TR was more frequent in the black population (26,2%) than the others. Similar differences were found when genotypes were analyzed.

Conclusion

The findings suggest that there is a substantial difference in the distribution of eNOS polymorphisms between different ethnic groups. These results could aid the understanding of inter-ethnic differences in NO bioavailability, cardiovascular risk, and response to drugs.