Table 1

Ecological characters of the five examined clades of parmelioid lichens (average per year followed by standard deviation in brackets).

Altitude

Maximal average temperature

Minimal average temperature

Precipitation (in mm)

Emberger Index


Hypotrachyna clade 1

1549.08 (± 1323.53)

17.56 (± 3.57)

8.38 (± 3.53)

1071.32 (± 345.32)

209.19 (± 69.07)

Hypotrachyna clade 2

1918 (± 992.86)

23.6 (± 2.25)

11.5 (± 7.78)

1383.35 (± 775.43)

151.98 (± 20.87)

Melanohalea clade

1024.22 (± 537.52)

18.51 (± 3.07)

-2.56 (± 5.06)

711 (± 522.39)

109.46 (± 77.83)

Parmotrema clade

349.21 (± 341.44)

20.51 (± 2.67)

10.06 (± 2.95)

1014 (± 184.93)

118.52 (± 41.66)

Xanthoparmelia clade

766.5 (± 497.23)

20.2 (± 2.43)

5.04 (± 2.74)

631.93 (± 209.98)

81.14 (± 33.41)


The Emberger's index is calculated as follows: Q = 100 × P/Tmmax2 - Tmmin2, where P is average annual precipitation, Tmmax is average maximum temperature of warmest month, Tmmin is average minimum temperature of coldest month.

Lumbsch et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2008 8:257   doi:10.1186/1471-2148-8-257

Open Data