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Mitochondrial genomes reveal an explosive radiation of extinct and extant bears near the Miocene-Pliocene boundary

Johannes Krause1, Tina Unger1, Aline Noçon1, Anna-Sapfo Malaspinas2, Sergios-Orestis Kolokotronis34, Mathias Stiller1, Leopoldo Soibelzon5, Helen Spriggs6, Paul H Dear6, Adrian W Briggs1, Sarah CE Bray7, Stephen J O'Brien8, Gernot Rabeder9, Paul Matheus10, Alan Cooper7, Montgomery Slatkin2, Svante Pääbo1 and Michael Hofreiter1*

Author Affiliations

1 Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany

2 Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3140, USA

3 Department of Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Biology, Columbia University, 1200 Amsterdam Avenue, MC5557, New York, NY 10027, USA

4 Sackler Institute for Comparative Genomics, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10024, USA

5 Departamento Científico Paleontologia de Vertebrados, Museo de La Plata. Paseo del Bosque, (1900) La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina

6 MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Hills Road, Cambridge, CB2 2QH, UK

7 Australian Centre for Ancient DNA, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia

8 Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21702-1201, USA

9 Department of Paleontology, University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria

10 Alaska Quaternary Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA

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BMC Evolutionary Biology 2008, 8:220  doi:10.1186/1471-2148-8-220

Published: 28 July 2008

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