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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Natural hybridization in heliconiine butterflies: the species boundary as a continuum

James Mallet123*, Margarita Beltrán13, Walter Neukirchen4 and Mauricio Linares5

Author Affiliations

1 Galton Laboratory, University College London, Wolfson House, 4 Stephenson Way, London NW1 2HE, UK

2 Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK

3 Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Apartado 2072, Panamá

4 Winckelmannstrasse 77, 12487 Berlin, Germany

5 Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas, Instituto de Genética, Universidad de los Andes, Carrera 1E No 18A10, Bogotá, Colombia

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BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007, 7:28  doi:10.1186/1471-2148-7-28

Published: 23 February 2007

Additional files

Additional File 1:

Hybrids between species of Heliconius and Eueides butterflies: a database. HTML file linking to database of all known wild-caught interspecific hybrid specimens in the Heliconiina, consisting of introductory text, a list of specimens, together with collection data and photographs of the specimens, and links to information about some artificial hybrids and mutants in the group. This is an edited copy of our online database of Heliconius hybrids [102]. To view database, download zip file and extract to a separate folder, then open index.html within that folder.

Format: ZIP Size: 4.3MB Download file or display content in a new window

Open Data

Additional File 2:

Discussion of individual hybrid specimens. PDF document giving detailed evidence for the specimens in the hybrid database.

Format: PDF Size: 214KB Download file

This file can be viewed with: Adobe Acrobat Reader

Open Data

Additional File 3:

Distance measures for mtDNA among species of Heliconiina. PDF document containing table with details of average raw % DNA divergence, based on 1569 bp of the genes CoI, tRNA-leu, and CoII.

Format: PDF Size: 107KB Download file

This file can be viewed with: Adobe Acrobat Reader

Open Data

Additional File 4:

Complete data for hybrids shown in Additional File 1. CSV (comma-delimited text) document with complete data recorded for each hybrid specimen. This is the same as the data for Additional File 1, except that the data for web presentation in that HTML version is abbreviated for ease of presentation.

Format: CSV Size: 26KB Download file

Open Data