Table 1

Indian populations screened for Y-HG Q and its distribution.

India Regions

Social Category

Linguistic Category

No. of Samples

No. of Samples in Haplogroup


North:

Q (xQ5)

Q5

J&K Kashmiri Pandits

Caste

high

Indo-European

51

*

3

J&K kashmir Gujars

Tribe

Indo-European

61

*

1Q1

Dalits+

Caste

low

Indo-European

18

#

Muslim

Religious

group

Indo-European

19

#

Rajput

Caste

high

Indo-European

29

#

Uttar Pradesh Brahmin

Caste

high

Indo-European

14

#

1@

Uttar Pradesh Brahmin

Caste

high

Indo-European

31

*

1

1

Uttar Pradesh Mixed

Tribe

Austro-Asiatic

9

*

Punjab Brahmin

Caste

high

Indo-European

28

*

Himachal Brahmin

Caste

high

Indo-European

19

*

Himachal Rajputs

Caste

high

Indo-European

35

*

1

Central:

Uttar Pradesh Kols

Tribe

Indo-European/Austro-Asiatic

30

*

Uttar Pradesh gonds

Tribe

Indo-European/Dravidian

38

*

Madhya Pradesh Brahmins

Caste

high

Indo-European

42

*

1

1

Madhya Pradesh Gonds

Tribe

Dravidian

17

*

1

Madhya Pradesh Saharia

Tribe

Indo-European

89

*

1

2

Halba

Tribe

Indo-European

21

#

1@

Kamar

Tribe

Dravidian

30

#

Muria

Tribe

Dravidian

20

#

East:

Bihar Brahmins

Caste

high

Indo-European

38

*

1

1

Paswan

Caste

low

Indo-European

29

*

Agharia

Caste

middle

Indo-European

10

#

Bagdi

Caste

low

Indo-European

11

#

Gaud

Caste

middle

Indo-European

5

#

Ho

Tribe

Austro-Asiatic

30

#

Lodha

Tribe

Austro-Asiatic

20

#

Mahishya

Caste

middle

Indo-European

13

#

Santal

Tribe

Austro-Asiatic

14

#

Tanti

Caste

low

Indo-European

7

#

West Bengal Brahmin

Caste

high

Indo-European

18

#

Northeast:

Chakma

Tribe

Tibeto-Burman

4

#

Jamatia

Tribe

Tibeto-Burman

30

#

Mog

Tribe

Tibeto-Burman

5

#

Mizo

Tribe

Tibeto-Burman

27

#

Tripuri

Tribe

Tibeto-Burman

21

#

West:

Maharashtra Brahmins

Caste

high

Indo-European

30

*

Gujarat Bhils

Tribe

Indo-European

12

*

Gujarat Brahmins

Caste

high

Indo-European

63

*

Sourashtran

Indo-European

46

$

Koknasth Brahmin

Caste

high

Indo-European

25

#

Maratha

Caste

middle

Indo-European

20

#

Nav Buddha

Caste

low

Indo-European

14

#

South:

Andhra Brahmins

Caste

high

Dravidian

6

*

Kallar

Caste

Dravidian

84

$

Yadhava

Caste

Dravidian

129

$

3

Ambalakarar

Caste

middle

Dravidian

29

#

Irula

Tribe

Dravidian

30

#

Iyengar

Caste

high

Dravidian

30

#

Iyer

Caste

high

Dravidian

29

#

Koya

Tribe

Tribe

Dravidian

27

#

Kota

Tribe

Dravidian

16

#

Konda

Tribe

Tribe

Dravidian

30

#

Kurumba

Tribe

Dravidian

19

#

Pallan

Caste

low

Dravidian

29

#

Toda

Tribe

Dravidian

8

#

Vanniyar

Caste

middle

Dravidian

25

#

Vellalar

Caste

middle

Dravidian

31

#

1@


Total

1615

16

5


* Present Study, # Sengupta et al. 2006, $ Seielstad et al. 2003.

'Dalits+' used instead of 'Chamar', as per Indian Constitution.

@found as 'Q4' by Sengupta et al.4

Q1Found as Q1 in present study.

Sharma et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:232   doi:10.1186/1471-2148-7-232

Open Data