Table 3

Samples used in this study, including species names, collection localities, collectors or museums that contributed samples and GenBank accession numbers.

GenBank accession numbers


Species

Collection locality

Collector/Museum

Control region

Cytochrome b

16S rRNA

S7 intron

Aldolase


Ingroup:

Hippocampus

Benin (*Ghana)

Z. Sohou,

DQ288337

AF192642*

AY277302

AY277328

AY277366

algiricus

Benin

*J. Macpherson

DQ288338

DQ288353

AY277302

AY277328

H. capensis

South Africa

P. Teske

AY149667

AF192650

AY277304

AY277331

AY277357

H. erectus

USA (Gulf of Mexico)

FM

DQ288325

AF192662

AF355007

AY277339

AY277354

Colombia

H. Hamilton

DQ288326

DQ288341

DQ288359

DQ288378

H. fisheri

Hawaii

H. Hamilton

AY642331

DQ288350

DQ288369

AY277340

AY277358

Hawaii

H. Hamilton

AY642331

DQ288351

DQ288370

AY277340

H. fuscus

Egypt (Red Sea)

H. Gabr

AY642337

DQ288354

DQ288371

AY277335

AY277359

H. guttulatus

Italy (*Portugal)

PS, *J. Curtis

DQ288322

AF192664

AY277307

AY277337

AY277361*

H. hippocampus

Italy (Portugal*)

PS

DQ288323

AF192666

AY277306

AY77338

AY277374*

Israel (Mediterranean)

B. Galil

DQ288324

DQ288340

DQ288358

DQ288377

H. ingens

Ecuador

H. Hamilton

DQ288333

DQ288346

DQ288365

DQ288383

Mexico (East Pacific)

J. Baum

AY642329

DQ288345

DQ288364

AY277334

Peru

PS

DQ288331

AF192672

AY277303

AY277333

AY277365

USA (East Pacific)

H. Hamilton

DQ288332

DQ288344

DQ288363

DQ288382

H. kelloggi

Vietnam

PS

AY629249

AF192675

AY277298

AY277325

AY277350

H. kuda

Fiji

H. Hamilton

AY642333

DQ288357

DQ288374

DQ288388

India

A. Sreepada

AY642345

AF192679

DQ288372

AY277324

AY277355

Indonesia

S. Lourie

AY642356

DQ288356

DQ288373

DQ288387

Philippines

M. Santos

AY642369

AF192683

DQ288375

AY277329

AY277356

H. reidi

Brazil (aquarium trade)

L. Smith

DQ288336

AF196292

DQ288368

DQ288386

Honduras

H. Hamilton

DQ288335

DQ288348

DQ288367

DQ288385

USA (Gulf of Mexico)

PS

DQ288334

DQ288347

DQ288366

DQ288384

AY227367

H. spinosissimus

Philippines

S. Lourie

DQ288329

AF192695

AY277296

AY277323

AY277364

H. zosterae

USA (Gulf of Mexico)

FM

DQ288327

AF356071

DQ288360

DQ288379

AY277371

USA (Gulf of Mexico)

FM

DQ288328

AF356071

DQ288361

DQ288380

Outgroup:

H. breviceps

Australia

AM

DQ288319

AF192647

AY277287

AY277320

AY277342

H. comes

Philippines

N. Perante

DQ288321

AF192656

AY277289

DQ288376

AY277352

H. coronatus

Japan

T. Mukai

DQ288320

AF192658

AY277293

AY277319

AY277348


Sequences in boldface were used to reconstruct phylogenies. All sequences except those of Aldolase were used for molecular dating. Cytochrome b sequences whose accession numbers start with AF are 423 bp longer than those starting with DQ and were used to reconstruct phylogenies. Control region, cytochrome b and 16S rRNA are mitochondrial markers, S7 intron and Aldolase are nuclear markers. In some cases, samples from two different localities were used to represent a particular species.

FM = Florida Museum, PS = Project Seahorse, AM = Australian Museum

*Collection locality, collector, and accession number of the less frequently used sample

Teske et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:138   doi:10.1186/1471-2148-7-138

Open Data