Table 1

Superorders and selected additional supraordinal clades currently supported by the 'molecular consensus' view of placental phylogeny (e.g. [8,9]).

Superorders

Supraordinal clades

Orders

Common names of orders


Afrotheria

Paenungulata

Hyracoidea

Hyraxes

Proboscidea

Elephants

Sirenia

Seacows

Afroinsectiphilia

Afrosoricida

African 'insectivores' (tenrecs and golden moles)

Macroscelidea

Elephant shrews

Tubulidentata

Aardvark


Xenarthra

Cingulata

Armadillos

Pilosa

Anteaters and sloths


Euarchontoglires

Glires

Lagomorpha

Lagomorphs

Rodentia

Rodents

Euarchonta

Dermoptera

Flying lemurs

Primates

Primates

Scandentia

Tree shrews


Laurasiatheria

Eulipotyphla

True 'insectivores' (hedgehogs, shrews, true moles and Solenodon)

Fereuungulata

Carnivora

Carnivorans

Cetartiodactyla

Even-toed 'ungulates' and whales

Chiroptera

Bats

Perissodactyla

Odd-toed 'ungulates'

Pholidota

Pangolins


Orders follow [7] except that Xenarthra is divided into Cingulata and Pilosa, Lipotyphla ('insectivores') is split between Afrosoricida and Eulipotyphla, and Cetacea (whales) and Artiodactyla (even-toed 'ungulates) are combined as Cetartiodactyla. Higher-level names are taken from [44].

Beck et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2006 6:93   doi:10.1186/1471-2148-6-93

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