Shape differences among populations of the four study lakes a) Results of CVA using geometric morphometric data to test for body shape differences among populations. Bivariate plot show variation along the first two major axes of shape variation (canonical variates 1 and 2,% of predicted variance in brackets). b) Warped outline drawing (derived from thin-plate spline method, amplified by 250% to facilitate visualization) depict shape differences of fish from Döllnsee (black line), compared to the average shape of all fish (grey line). Positions of the 14 digitized landmarks used in geometric morphometric shape analysis are shown. 1: anterior tip of snout; 2: anterior margin of eye; 3: posterior margin of the eye; 4: dorsal margin of opercular (principal opercular bone); 5: ventral margin of opercular (principal opercular bone); 6: posterior margin of operculum; 7: posterior insertion of dorsal fin; 8: anterior insertion of dorsal fin; 9: superior insertion of caudal fin; 10: inferior insertion of caudal fin; 11: anterior insertion of anal fin; 12: posterior insertion of anal fin; 13: insertion of pelvic fin; 14: anterior insertion of pectoral fin.
Scharnweber et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:132 doi:10.1186/1471-2148-13-132