Open Access Research article

Pre-invasion history and demography shape the genetic variation in the insecticide resistance-related acetylcholinesterase 2 gene in the invasive Colorado potato beetle

Saija Piiroinen1*, Leena Lindström1, Anne Lyytinen1, Johanna Mappes1, Yolanda H Chen2, Victor Izzo2 and Alessandro Grapputo3

Author Affiliations

1 Centre of Excellence in Biological Interactions Research, Department of Biological and Environmental Science, University of Jyväskylä, P.O. Box 35, FI-40014, Jyväskylä, Finland

2 Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Vermont, 63 Carrigan Drive, Burlington, VT, 05405, USA

3 Department of Biology, University of Padua, Via U. Bassi, 58/B, 35121, Padua, Italy

For all author emails, please log on.

BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013, 13:13  doi:10.1186/1471-2148-13-13

Published: 18 January 2013

Additional files

Additional file 1:

Summary statistics for the Colorado potato beetle populations pooled according to geographical regions.

Format: PDF Size: 44KB Download file

This file can be viewed with: Adobe Acrobat Reader

Open Data

Additional file 2:

Frequencies (%) of observed patterns of non-synonymous mutations of AChE2 variants in North American and European Colorado potato beetle populations.

Format: PDF Size: 23KB Download file

This file can be viewed with: Adobe Acrobat Reader

Open Data

Additional file 3:

Graphical presentation of genetic diversity indices (π, nucleotide diversity; θW, Watterson’s theta estimate) and neutrality tests (Tajima’s D, Fu and Li’s D*) for Mexican, US, and European Colorado potato beetle populations.

Format: PDF Size: 106KB Download file

This file can be viewed with: Adobe Acrobat Reader

Open Data

Additional file 4:

Pairwise genetic differentiation(ΦST) for (a) DP1 and (b) JHE-b loci between European and North American Colorado potato beetle populations.

Format: PDF Size: 47KB Download file

This file can be viewed with: Adobe Acrobat Reader

Open Data

Additional file 5:

Methodology used in the amplification of AChE2, DP1 and JHE-b genes.

Format: PDF Size: 18KB Download file

This file can be viewed with: Adobe Acrobat Reader

Open Data