Mean rates of molecular evolution and TMRCA of Carabus based on non-coding gene fragments. Rates are given in substitutions per site per million years per lineage, and TMRCA of Carabus in millions of years before present. Different clock models, ambiguous character and outgroup inclusion/exclusion were considered.
Andújar et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:40 doi:10.1186/1471-2148-12-40