Table 5

Four statistics of genetic differentiation for DQB variants between the pairs of management units
Eastern Japan Western Japan
Conservation and management unit Gassan-Asahi Iide (GAI) Echigo-Mikuni (EM) North-Central Alps (NCA) Hakusan-Okumino (HO) Northern Kinki (NK) Eastern Chugoku (EC) Western Chugoku (WC)
Eastern Japan GAI KST / FST/ Hedrick's G'ST/ Jost's D
EM 0.040*/ 0.068*/ 0.036**/ 0.022**
NCA 0.057**/ 0.112**/ 0.049**/ 0.030** -0.006/ -0.012/ -0.022**/ -0.015**
HO 0.030**/ 0.063**/ 0.078*/ 0.049* 0.008/ 0.029*/ -0.002*/ -0.002** -0.001/ 0.026*/ -0.013**/ -0.010**
Western Japan NK 0.057**/ 0.104**/ 0.063*/ 0.037* 0.017/ 0.054*/ 0.016**/ 0.011** -0.002/ 0.069**/ 0.021/ 0.015** -0.001/ 0.029**/ 0.023**/ 0.016**
EC 0.009/ 0.116**/ 0.056*/ 0.033** 0.037**/ 0.020/ 0.031**/ 0.021** 0.029/ 0.031/ 0.047*/ 0.033* 0.004/ 0.028*/ 0.062*/ 0.044* 0.006/ 0.011/ 0.002**/ 0.001**
WC 0.051**/ 0.073*/ 0.026**/ 0.010**
    0.151
    **
    / 0.229
    **
    / 0.114
    *
    / 0.064
    *
    0.141
    **
    / 0.242
    **
    / 0.114
    *
    / 0.065
    *
    0.098
    **
    / 0.118
    **
    / 0.132/ 0.076
    *
    0.140
    **
    / 0.163
    **
    / 0.105
    *
    / 0.055
    *
    0.031
    **
    / 0.236
    **
    / 0.097
    *
    / 0.052
    *
SK 0.000/ 0.032 / -0.003**/ -0.002** -0.010/ -0.008 / -0.001**/ 0.000** 0.008/ -0.005/ 0.003**/ 0.002** 0.005/ 0.008/ 0.026**/ 0.018** 0.021/ 0.047*/ 0.029*/ 0.018** 0.016/ 0.025/ 0.025**/ 0.016** 0.077**/ 0.127**/ 0.036**/ 0.017**

From top line, the values in Table indicate the KST and FST, Hedrick's G'ST and Jost's D statistics. Bold italic shows values which are statistically significant for both of KST and FST, with positive values of G'ST and D. Underline represents statistical significant KST and FST with more than 0.05 of G'ST and D. Bold characters indicate conservation and management units which have more than 10 samples. Chokai Sanchi, Southern Ouu, Southern Alps and Kii Hanto units are excluded due to small number of samples. *: P < 0.05; **: P < 0.01 (permutation test, 1,000 replicates).

Yasukochi et al.

Yasukochi et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:230   doi:10.1186/1471-2148-12-230

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