Table 4

Spatial Genetic Structure (SGS) parameters for two mangrove species across four estuaries in Panama
Mangrove species/ Ocean Estuary N bld FA Sp
(R2ld) (SE) (SE)
Avicennia germinans
Caribbean Bocas del Toro 150 −0.0217*** (0.0639) 0.144*** (0.030) 0.025a (0.007)
Bocas del Toro (P) 76 −0.0330*** (0.1038) 0.108*** (0.023) 0.037a (0.009)
Bocas del Toro (MG ) 72 −0.0145*** (0.4050) 0.104*** (0.016) 0.016a (0.006)
Costa Arriba (O) 241 0.0081*** (0.0222) 0.049*** (0.006) 0.008 (0.001)
Pacific Montijo Gulf 307 −0.0256*** (0.0853) 0.149*** (0.039) 0.030a (0.010)
Montijo Gulf (Y) 85 −0.0147*** (0.0602) 0.065*** (0.020) 0.016b (0.005)
Montijo Gulf (P) 222 −0.0150*** (0.0370) 0.092*** (0.009) 0.017ab (0.004)
San Miguel Gulf 282 −0.0308*** (0.1919) 0.139*** (0.025) 0.036a (0.007)
San Miguel Gulf (LL) 80 −0.0280*** (0.2058) 0.098*** (0.020) 0.031a (0.011)
San Miguel Gulf ( TG ) 202 −0.0271*** (0.1454) 0.115*** (0.026) 0.031a (0.006)
Rhizophora mangle
Caribbean Bocas del Toro and Costa Arriba (O) 422 −0.0095*** (0.0039) 0.043*** (0.022) 0.010 (0.004)
Pacific Montijo Gulf 281 −0.0131*** (0.0241) 0.054*** (0.011) 0.014a (0.003)
Montijo Gulf (TG) 37 - - -
Montijo Gulf (P) 233 −0.0033** (0.0026) 0.021** (0.006) 0.003b (0.001)
Montijo Gulf (Y) 10 - - -
San Miguel Gulf 237 −0.0276*** (0.0579) 0.154*** (0.025) 0.033a (0.008)
San Miguel Gulf (R) 41 - - -
San Miguel Gulf (TG) 71 −0.0000108 0.066*** (0.019) 0.004a (0.002)
San Miguel Gulf (LL) 125 −0.00002175 0.036** (0.027) 0.008a (0.011)

It is indicated the slopes (bld) of the regression of kinship coefficient values on the natural logarithm of distance (dlij) for each estuary, the coefficient of determination R2, the average and standard error (SE) of the kinship coefficient among individuals separated by less than 100 m (i.e. 0.1 km) (FA) for each estuary, and the intensity of SGS (Sp) calculated for pairwise distance among individuals up to 10 Km within each estuary is shown. When GENELAND detected spatial genetic discontinuities within estuaries, the SGS parameters were recalculated for each genetic cluster when N > 50. Each one of the genetic clusters were named based on color assignation from Figure 1 including pink (P), malachite green (MG) and orange (O) within Caribbean estuaries and yellow (Y), purple (P), tourmaline green (TG), lapis lazuli (LL) and red (R) in Pacific estuaries.

***P<0.001; **P<0.01; *P<0.05.

Cerón-Souza et al.

Cerón-Souza et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:205   doi:10.1186/1471-2148-12-205

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