Selection in the LBP during the radiation of Mecopterida. Posterior probabilities for each site to belong to the site-class under positive selection (along branch A or branch B) or relaxed evolution (along branch C) were projected onto the crystal structure of the USP LBD domain of Drosophila (1HG4). Probabilities are distributed along a colour scale from yellow (p=0) to red (p=1). Sequences not available for the estimation of evolutionary rates are in white. The phospholipid ligand (LPP) is in green, with its tail on the right in the deep pocket. (A) Branch A, stem lineage of Mecopterida. (B) Branch B, subdivision between Amphiesmenoptera (Lepidoptera, Trichoptera) and Antliophora (Diptera, Mecoptera, Siphonaptera). (C) Branch C, subdivision of Diptera into the suborders Brachycera and Nematocera. (D) All the 32 amino acids of the LBP in the USP structures of Drosophila and Heliothis. Residues under positive selection or relaxed evolution in at least one of the three branches are shown in purple.
Chaumot et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:199 doi:10.1186/1471-2148-12-199