Effective female population size through time. Bayesian skyline plot (BSP) derived from the ancient and modern red deer dataset of western Norway. The x axis is in calendar years before present and y axis equals changes in effective population size (shown as the product of Ne and generation time T). Black line is the median estimate and the blue lines show the 95% highest posterior density intervals.
Rosvold et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:191 doi:10.1186/1471-2148-12-191