Table 2

Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) with distribution of genetic variation among populations of E. formosa.

Gene

Source of variation

d.f.

Sum of squares

% of variation

Fixation index (Φ)


COII

Among groups (East & West)

1

28.290

7.65

0.07648

Among populations Within groups

30

237.639

25.92

0.28061***

Within populations

135

354.855

66.44

0.33563***


Among groups (East, South, & North-Central)

2

50.293

8.42

0.08421

Among populations Within groups

29

215.637

24.10

0.26311***

Within populations

135

354.855

67.48

0.32517***


ITS

Among groups (East & West)

1

2.443

-1.06

-0.01061

Among populations Within groups

29

134.604

3.21

0.03174

Within populations

94

385.785

97.85

0.02146


Among groups (East, South, & North-Central)

2

8.882

-0.13

-0.00128

Among populations Within groups

28

128.165

2.83

0.02827

Within populations

94

385.785

97.30

0.02703


***P < 0.0001

Huang and Lin BMC Evolutionary Biology 2011 11:94   doi:10.1186/1471-2148-11-94

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