Ontogenetic dynamics of the patterns of mandible shape disparity. Relative warps analyses of the mandible shapes at the three ontogenetic stages. A, shapes at the settlement stage. B, shapes at an intermediate size of 60 mm SL. C, shapes at the maximum adult body size. TPS deformation grids indicate shape variation represented by RW1 and RW2 (minimal (-RW) and maximal (+RW) values).
Frédérich and Vandewalle BMC Evolutionary Biology 2011 11:82 doi:10.1186/1471-2148-11-82